# Source code for mushroom.distributions.distribution

```
[docs]class Distribution(object):
"""
Interface for Distributions to represent a generic probability distribution.
Probability distributions are often used by black box optimization
algorithms in order to perform exploration in parameter space. In
literature, they are also known as high level policies.
"""
[docs] def sample(self):
"""
Draw a sample from the distribution.
Returns:
A random vector sampled from the distribution.
"""
raise NotImplementedError
[docs] def log_pdf(self, theta):
"""
Compute the logarithm of the probability density function in the
specified point
Args:
theta (np.ndarray): the point where the log pdf is calculated
Returns:
The value of the log pdf in the specified point.
"""
raise NotImplementedError
[docs] def __call__(self, theta):
"""
Compute the probability density function in the specified point
Args:
theta (np.ndarray): the point where the pdf is calculated
Returns:
The value of the pdf in the specified point.
"""
raise NotImplementedError
[docs] def mle(self, theta, weights=None):
"""
Compute the (weighted) maximum likelihood estimate of the points,
and update the distribution accordingly.
Args:
theta (np.ndarray): a set of points, every row is a sample
weights (np.ndarray, None): a vector of weights. If specified
the weighted maximum likelihood
estimate is computed instead of the
plain maximum likelihood. The number of
elements of this vector must be equal
to the number of rows of the theta
matrix.
"""
raise NotImplementedError
[docs] def diff_log(self, theta):
"""
Compute the derivative of the gradient of the probability denstity
function in the specified point.
Args:
theta (np.ndarray): the point where the gradient of the log pdf is
calculated
Returns:
The gradient of the log pdf in the specified point.
"""
raise NotImplementedError
[docs] def diff(self, theta):
"""
Compute the derivative of the probability density function, in the
specified point. Normally it is computed w.r.t. the
derivative of the logarithm of the probability density function,
exploiting the likelihood ratio trick, i.e.:
.. math::
\\nabla_{\\rho}p(\\theta)=p(\\theta)\\nabla_{\\rho}\\log p(\\theta)
Args:
theta (np.ndarray): the point where the gradient of the pdf is
calculated.
Returns:
The gradient of the pdf in the specified point.
"""
return self(theta) * self.diff_log(theta)
[docs] def get_parameters(self):
"""
Getter.
Returns:
The current distribution parameters.
"""
raise NotImplementedError
[docs] def set_parameters(self, rho):
"""
Setter.
Args:
rho (np.ndarray): the vector of the new parameters to be used by
the distribution
"""
raise NotImplementedError
@property
def parameters_size(self):
"""
Property.
Returns:
The size of the distribution parameters.
"""
raise NotImplementedError
```